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Architectural Styles in the American West
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Bay Area Architectural Styles: Eastlake

National Register #79000534: Sarah Mish House
Stick-Eastlake
Sarah Mish House in San Francisco
Built 1885
Photographed 28 May 2008
National Register #98001634: Winters House in Sacramento Queen Anne-Eastlake
Herman Winters House in Sacramento
Built 1890
Photographed 12 August 2006
National Register #82004131: Charles Baldwin House in Salt Lake City, Utah Victorian Ecletic With Eastlake Porch
Charles Baldwin House in Salt lake City
Built 1890
Photographed 16 June 2011

(Click Photos to Zoom)

Eastlake

The Eastlake architectural style was derived from a style of furniture design and interior design popularized by English architect Charles L. Eastlake in his influential 1868 book, Hints on Household Taste in Furniture, Upholstery, and Other Details.

Some architectural historians maintain that Eastlake is not actually an architectural style. Rather, it is a distinctive family of surface ornamentation applied to houses built in other Victorian styles such Queen Anne and Stick. Other historians characterize some buildings, or parts of buildings, as pure Eastlake. Porches and verandas were especially suited to the style.

Eastlake is angular, notched, carved. Eastlake rejects the curved shapes of French Baroque Revival Styles. Eastlake decorative elements are made of wood turned on a powered lathe or cut by a powered jigsaw. In the San Francisco Bay Area, the wood was typically redwood.

Distinctive Eastlake elements are:

  • Oversized porch posts, railings, balustrades, bargeboards, braces and pendants shaped by a lathe.
  • Wooden forms cut by a jigsaw. Curved brackets, scrolls, and other stylized elements were placed at every corner, turn or projection of the façade.
  • Perforated gables and pediments.
  • Carved panels.
  • Beaded spindles and lattice work along porch eaves.
  • Strapwork (interlaced strips of wood).
  • Mansardic porches with wrought-iron cresting.

Lighter elements - spindles, lattice, strapwork - were combined with heavier and oversized architectural members to emphasize the three-dimensional quality of a building. Eastlake components were often ordered from a catalog and assembled at the site.

Some Eastlake houses were painted with traditional earth tones, but others were painted in multiple colors which emphasized the structural and decorative elements. Lighter detail or trim against a darker house body became the norm.

 

Eastlake Buildings Sequenced By Year and Name
Click column headers to change the sequence.
Name Year Address City Remarks
Firehouse No. 11861214 Main StreetNevada CityEastlake ornamentation added in 1891.
Yerba Buena Island Lighthouse1873Yerba Buena IslandSan Francisco BayThe lighthouse tower is Stick-Eastlake and the keeper's house is Victorian Gothic
Vollmer House18761735-1737 WebsterSan FranciscoDesigned by the Newsom brothers
Stanford Red Barn1878Fremont RoadStanford UniversityStick-Eastlake to a utilitarian structure.
Nightingale House1882201 Buchanan StreetSan FranciscoAn amalgam of Eastlake, Carpenter Gothic, Second Empire and Italian Villa styles. San Francisco Landmark 47.
Live Oak Ranch1885105 Mentel AvenueSanta CruzA delirious Eastlake with Italianate elements. Built in 1871 and remodeled in 1885. National Register #75000483
Sarah Mish House18851153 Oak StreetSan FranciscoNational Register #79000534
Manasse Mansion1886443 Brown StreetNapaCombines Queen Anne, Eastlake and Colonial Revival styles. National Register #78000723
Clark House18881406 C StreetEurekaNational Register #87002394
Ohlandt Newlyweds House 18881260 Potrero Avenue San FranciscoDesigned by Wolfe & Son, Architects
Baldwin House1890229 South 1200 East Salt Lake CityNational Register #82004131
Herman Winters House18902324 and 2326 H StreetSacramentoQueen Anne-Eastlake
Thomas H. Leggett House1890346 West 21st StreetMercedCombines elements of Queen Anne, Stick and Eastlake. National Register #82002207.
Petaluma Opera House1901145 Kentucky Street PetalumaJones remodeled this 1870 building in 1901.