The Eastlake architectural style was derived from a style of furniture design and interior design popularized by English architect
Charles L. Eastlake in his influential 1868 book, Hints on Household Taste in Furniture, Upholstery, and Other Details.
Some architectural historians maintain that Eastlake is not actually an architectural style. Rather, it is a distinctive family of surface ornamentation applied to
houses built in other Victorian styles such Queen Anne and Stick. Other historians characterize some buildings, or parts of buildings, as pure Eastlake. Porches and
verandas were especially suited to the style.
Eastlake is angular, notched, carved. Eastlake rejects the curved shapes of French Baroque Revival Styles. Eastlake decorative elements are made of wood turned on
a powered lathe or cut by a powered jigsaw. In the San Francisco Bay Area, the wood was typically redwood.
Distinctive Eastlake elements are:
- Oversized porch posts, railings, balustrades, bargeboards, braces and pendants shaped by a lathe.
- Wooden forms cut by a jigsaw. Curved brackets, scrolls, and other stylized elements were placed at every corner, turn or projection of the façade.
- Perforated gables and pediments.
- Carved panels.
- Beaded spindles and lattice work along porch eaves.
- Strapwork (interlaced strips of wood).
- Mansardic porches with wrought-iron cresting.
Lighter elements - spindles, lattice, strapwork - were combined with heavier and oversized architectural members to emphasize the three-dimensional quality of
a building. Eastlake components were often ordered from a catalog and assembled at the site.
Some Eastlake houses were painted with traditional earth tones, but others were painted in multiple colors which emphasized the structural and decorative
elements. Lighter detail or trim against a darker house body became the norm.
Eastlake Buildings Sequenced By Year and Name
Click column headers to change the sequence.
|Firehouse No. 1||1861||214 Main Street||Nevada City||Eastlake ornamentation added in 1891.|
|Yerba Buena Island Lighthouse||1873||Yerba Buena Island||San Francisco Bay||The lighthouse tower is Stick-Eastlake and the keeper's house is Victorian Gothic|
|Vollmer House||1876||1735-1737 Webster||San Francisco||Designed by the Newsom brothers|
|Nightingale House||1882||201 Buchanan Street||San Francisco||An amalgam of Eastlake, Carpenter Gothic, Second Empire and Italian Villa styles. San Francisco Landmark 47.|
|Live Oak Ranch||1885||105 Mentel Avenue||Santa Cruz||A delirious Eastlake with Italianate elements. Built in 1871 and remodeled in 1885. National Register #75000483|
|Sarah Mish House||1885||1153 Oak Street||San Francisco||National Register #79000534|
|Manasse Mansion||1886||443 Brown Street||Napa||Combines Queen Anne, Eastlake and Colonial Revival styles. National Register #78000723|
|Clark House||1888||1406 C Street||Eureka||National Register #87002394|
|Ohlandt Newlyweds House ||1888||1260 Potrero Avenue ||San Francisco||Designed by Wolfe & Son, Architects|
|Baldwin House||1890||229 South 1200 East ||Salt Lake City||National Register #82004131|
|Thomas H. Leggett House||1890||346 West 21st Street||Merced||Combines elements of Queen Anne, Stick and Eastlake. National Register #82002207.|
|Petaluma Opera House||1901||145 Kentucky Street ||Petaluma||Jones remodeled this 1870 building in 1901.|